Fiji's Environment


There are more than 3000 identified plant species in Fiji. The local population developed uses for many of them for food,medicines, building materials and other purposes.

Fiji was first settled approximately 3500 years ago and most animal life came after their arrival. In fact bats are the only true land mammal that remains indigenous to the country. The many other animals commonly found including livestock, dogs, cats, rats, pigs and even mongoose were all transported here.


There is a beautiful varied range of birds that call Fiji their home and over 20 are indigenous. There are almost 20 different reptiles in the ecosystem and the sea life is

teeming with different species, coral and color. The fauna is considered extremely lush, the soil is highly fertile, and the rain in most locations is significant enough to support the strong deeply rich and green foliage found on most islands.


The Fiji climate is considered to be mild and fairly stable. It is subject to tropical storms when in its wet season (November to April). The reefs are quite often extended and generally make the shoreline waves mild, although Fiji does host one of the world’s largest and most famous surf breaks (up to 6 meters) off of Tavarua Island. The temperatures are tropical but mild, generally ranging from 25°C to 30°C. Humidity is high in most areas except in the western division of Viti Levu, which hosts most tourist activity. On the larger islands, the wind-exposed side(s) often produces significant rainfall when these winds move up against and find themselves trapped against the mountainous terrain.



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